Category: Storage

Backup and Restore Logical Volume using LVM Snapshot

Backup Restore LVM using Snapshot
LVM (Logical Volume Manager) gives us the ability to create Snapshots. LVM Snapshot is a logical volume that temporarily preserves the original data of changing logical volume, so it’s data can be backed up preserving consistency. Snapshot must be created prior to any critical modifications on the Logical Volume in order to fulfill it’s role.

Note: Snapshot Volume needs to be large enough to store the data that will change while it exists. If more data changes than the Snapshot can hold, the Snapshot will become unusable. That means we have to “predict” how much data will be changed on the original Volume while the Snapshot exists to let the Snapshot hold all those data changes.
Read More

GlusterFS Storage Setup on Two CentOS 7 Servers and Client

GlusterFS is a simple and easy to configure scalable network attached storage. GlusterFS is a distributed storage consisting of nodes (servers including storage bricks), which export their own local file system as a volume. Volumes can be mounted on client servers as a network storage using NFS and Gluster Fuse. GlusterFS provides failover, redundancy and anti split-brain mechanisms that act as a High Availability system, that’s why in many aspects it is similar to the well known clustering software like Veritas Cluster Suite.

In this tutorial we will install GlusterFS on two CentOS 7 based nodes. We will use KVM Virtual Machines to make things easier and faster, but our main intention is to show you how to install GlusterFS on physical hardware.
Read More

How to Create LVM Volume Group and Logical Volume

Create LVM Volume Group and Logical Volume
Logical Volume Manager (LVM) is a device mapper target that provides logical volume management for the Linux kernel. LVM allows to create Logical Volumes from underlying Physical Hard Disks (Physiacal Volumes). Logical Volumes can be easily extended and shrunk according to the file system capacity demands.

LVM Objects:
Physical Volume (PV): underlying physical storage for LVM. These are most often physical hard disks, but also can be: partitions, RAID volumes, etc…
Volume Group (VG): storage pool, created from one or more Physical Volumes.
Physical Extent: small chunk of Physical Volume, used during Volume Group creation.
Logical Extent: mapped to Physical Extent, acting as front-end chunk for Logical Volumes.
Logical Volume: group of Logical Extents, used by the system as hard drive partition.
Read More

How to Manually Extend Cinder Volumes Group in OpenStack

Cinder Volumes group is a block storage based on LVM (Logical Volume Manager) volume group, usually situated in Controller node in OpenStack cloud. It provides persistent block storage for runtime instances.

During typical packstack installation Cinder Volumes group size is determined in answer file (insert file) by following parameter:


If the Cinder Volumes group size we chose upon packstack installation turns out to be insufficient to create new volumes, we can attach additional physical volume on Controller node to the existing Cinder Volumes group and extend it with the new physical volume to gain more space.
Read More