Having a Hot Spare significantly increases the security of our data in a RAID array. In the case of a single disk failure, a Hot Spare jumps in the place of a faulty drive. Working as a temporary replacement, a Hot Spare can potentially buy time for us before we swap the faulty drive with the new one.
In the below scenario we have an example CentOS 7, installed on top of RAID 1 (mirror) using mdadm software RAID. The array was created by the Anaconda installer script during OS installation, for more details refer to:
CentOS 7 Installation with LVM RAID 1 – Mirroring.